Travel vaccines - Typhoid fever



Typhoid fever is a bacterial infection that has become rare in industrialized countries, but that is still common in countries with poor hygiene routine where it is responsible for up to 20 million estimated cases and up to 161,000 deaths each year 1. It is contracted by drinking or eating the Salmonella typhi bacterium in contaminated food or water. The reservoir of this pathogen is strickly human.

World Immunization Week

Resources

Typhoid fever infographics

Areas of highest risk

Areas of highest risk include parts of Asia, Africa and Central and South America 2, 3.

Prevention

It relies on good hygiene and vaccination as the emergence of drug-resistant strains makes treatment more complex.

References

  1. WHO. Typhoid Fact sheet. Updated January 2018, accessed January 2018.
    http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/typhoid/en/
  2. Fit For Travel. rel="noopener noreferrer" Typhoid. Available at: http://www.fitfortravel.nhs.uk/advice/disease-prevention-advice/typhoid.aspx. Accessed March 2019.
  3. Travel Health rel="noopener noreferrer" Pro. Typhoid Fever. rel="noopener noreferrer" Available at:
    https://travelhealthpro.org.uk/disease/184/typhoid-fever. Accessed March 2019.
  4. WHO. Typhoid rel="noopener noreferrer" Fever vaccines position rel="noopener noreferrer" paper; WER 2008, 83: 49-60. Accessed January 2018. http://www.who.int/wer/2008/wer8306.pdf?ua=1