Meningitis is a rare but potentially devastating infection affecting 1 million people every year worldwide.The disease causes an inflammation of the fluid and membranes covering the brain and spinal cord and can kill within hours. While there are no vaccines against viral and fungal/environmental meningitis, there are well-tolerated and effective vaccines that help protect against the most common causes of bacterial meningitis.
Understanding the different forms of meningitis:
- Bacterial meningitis - an aggressive and quick developing condition, caused by bacteria. The most common causes of bacterial meningitis are Neisseria meningitides, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) bacteria.
- Viral meningitis - the most common cause of meningitis and is usually less severe.
- Fungal/environmental - can be severe but occurs infrequently.
Focus on meningococcal meningitis
Meningococcal meningitis is a rare but potentially devastating disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis bacteria. Many forms of meningococcal disease can be prevented through vaccination.
For over 40 years, Sanofi Pasteur has been at the forefront in fighting meningococcal epidemics. Today Sanofi Pasteur’s meningococcal quadrivalent conjugate vaccine is licensed in more than 70 countries with over 100 million doses distributed since launch. In the future, we are working towards expanding vaccine availability worldwide and developing further advanced vaccines.
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